Common Medications asked in NMC OSCEMedication administration in NMC OSCE exam is another head ache for some of the candidates appearing. Usually there will be only two or three medication to be administered. But you have to take care of things like known allergies of patient, inlegible prescription and about medication already administered. In some cases weight of patient will be given which will be less than 50 kgs in which you cannot give Paracetamol. Keeping in mind of all these small things make you pass your NMC OSCE exam. In this article let me introduce you about common medications that are used in NHS hospitals across UK and about their indications and possible side effects which you have to tell to the patient during your implementation station.

Common Medications, their Indication and Possible Side Effects used in NMC OSCE Implementation Station


given for mild to moderate pain

Side Effect – Abdominal pain, constipation, if overdosed Liver damage and Hypothermia


For mild to moderate pain and pyrexia

Side Effect – Skin reactions and malaise


For pain and inflammation

Side Effect – Dizziness, Drowsiness


For mild to moderate pain

Side Effect– Abdominal pain and Constipation


For Hypertension

Side Effect – Blurred Vision, Dyspnoea


Used as cardiac glycoside, increases myocardial contraction, reduces conductivity with AV node

Side Effect – Dizziness, blurred vision, arrythmias


For Angina and Hypertension

Side Effect – Head Ache, Dizziness, Constipation


Antihypertensive and angina medication

Side Effect – Cramps, depression, muscle weakness

Co amoxiclav

In infections (Antibiotic – pencillin group)

Side Effect – Nausea, Vomiting, Diziness, head ache


Antibiotic for infection (Pencillin group)

Side Effect – Nausea, Vomiting


Antibiotic for infection

Side Effect  – Fever,Diarrhoea, Anaphylaxis


Antidiabetic for Type 2 DM

Side Effect – Hypoglycemia


Antidiabetic with less chance of going in hypoglycemia

Side Effect – Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, taste disturbance


Thyroxine Sodium (For hypothyroidism)

Side Effect – Heat intolerance, diarrhoea, fever and flushing


Antisickness medication for nausea, vomiting and vertigo

Side Effect – Drowsiness and dizziness


For Nausea and Vomiting (Anti emetic)

Side Effect – Head ache, constipation, flushing


For exacerbation of COPD, mild to moderate acute asthma, inflammatory disease (group – corticosteroids)

Side Effects – Increased Blood Sugar Levels

Vitamin K 

For patients with major bleeding who are on warfarin

Side Effects – Anaphylactic Reactions


For prophylaxis of embolization, treatment of venous thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

Side Effects – Bleeding


Pernicious/macrocytic anemia (Vitamin B12 supplement)

Side Effect – Nausea, rash, fever, hypersensitivity reactions

Calcium Carbonate


Side Effect – GI Disturbances, hypercalcemia


Antibiotic (mainly for UTI)

Side Effect – Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, loss of apetite, head ache


Antidepressant for depression, anxiety, panic disorder

Side Effect – Nausea, tremors, headaches, dizziness, diarrhoea, loss of apetite, anorexia, fatigue, insomnia, mood changes, aggression and sweating


For hypertension, angina, arrhythmias, heart failure and anxiety

Side Effect – Postural Hypotension, Bradycardia, dizzyness, bronchospasm, fatigue, coldness of extremities, sleep disturbances


Antihypertensive and angina prophylaxis

Side Effects – Abdominal pain, nausea, palpitation, flushing, oedema, headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, fatigue, Shortness of Breath


NSAID used for Pain and inflammation

Side Effect – Nausea and Vomiting, Dizziness, head ache and pain, constipation, indigestion

Codeine Phosphate 

Opioid analgesic

Side Effect – Dizziness, tremors, abdominal cramps, constipation


Anticonvulsant (Antiseizure medication)

Side Effect – Dizziness, head aches, constipation, nausea and vomiting


Antiemetic and an upper GI Stimulant

Side Effect – Dizziness, head aches, constipation, nausea and drowsiness

Ferrous Sulphate 

Antianemic nutritional supplement (Iron Supplement)

Side Effect – Head Ache, dizziness, abdominal cramps, constipation, black stools


Diuretic and antihypertensive (Water Medication)

Side Effect – Head aches, dizziness, constipation, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting


Proton pump inhibitor, anti ulcer medication

Side Effect – Head Ache, dizziness, abdominal pain, constipation



Side Effect – Palpitations, tachycardia, chest discomfort, sore throat, dizziness, tremors, nausea, loss of apetite



Side Effect – Fever, difficulty breathing, body ache, tightness of chest, dry throat, cough


Probiotic suppliment for patients on antibiotics

Common pitfalls

– BP Medications – Ask for BP and PR before administering it

– Digoxin – Ask for PR before administering it

– Paracetamol – Confirm weight is above 50KGs before administering, note for frequency of dose prescribed

– Always check stat and prn medications already administered. Don’t give it again if its not within the frequency times

– Always check for legible prescriptions

– If patient is on oxygen, confirm current saturation with examiner and keep it ongoing if less than target saturation

– If patient is on IV fluids, confirm that patients cannula site is devoid of redness, inflammation etc using WIP score and check Batch number, expiry date of iv fluid. Also check for total running time prescribed.

– Don’t forget to identify patient again before giving first medication

– Don’t sign before examiner is telling you that patient has swallowed the medication

– Don’t forget to put the correct code on medications not administered and write the medication name along with reason for not administering at the back of the drug chart

– Don’t forget to check allergies before administering any medication

– There is no problem in giving two BP medications at same time

– IF you are unsure about giving any of the medications prescribed, DONT DO IT and verbalize that i will escalate the matter to concerned doctor and will act accordingly.


Hopes this article throws light into common medication used during Implementation station of NMC OSCE. Always bear in mind that if you are unsure about any medication, don’t give it.

Please like our facebook page for regular updates from this website ie

If you liked this article and you would really like to share this article among your friends preparing for NMC OSCE, please do so by clicking any of the icons below.